What are partitions and what do we need them for? As you can see on the screenshot, the icons highlighted are partitions. This is basically our hard drive divided in to parts to make storing files easier and safer.
Now how having a partitions make storing easier? For instance let’s say you need to store some of your stuff, and you take a big box and put it all in to it. Then someday you need to find one small item in that big box. Wouldn't it be easier if you would have two smaller boxes with labels on it?
Thanks to partitions you can divide your hard drive in to parts and label them to make storing files easier. If you take a look at the screenshot above you will see two partitions. Partition Local Disk (C:) and Local Disk (D:). The the partition (C:) is a usually used for system purposes, and I highly recommend to use it for system only. Now the partition (D:) is the place where you can freely store your stuff without affecting system in any way.
Now let’s get to the point. How to create a partition? It is very simple.
So first you need to go to Start Menu and there in the search box type in Disk Management and press Enter.
Then the following window will appear. From here we can add/remove portions and many more, but let’s just focus on the partitions for now.
To add partition we need to have some free space that is not assigned to any partition. Now as I have used all of my free space I have to create some by shrinking one of my partitions, I'm going to go ahead with it by right click at the partition I want to shrink and then selecting Shrink Volume.
Next system will question you for the size of the space to shrink. You obviously cannot enter amount larger than size of available shrink space which is displayed in the window. I'm about to do a 20GB partition so I have entered 20000, because the amount has to be given in megabytes (1GB=1000MB). Now click Shrink.
Now system has shrank the partition we have previously selected and free space is being shown as unallocated. To create a partition we need to now right click at the unallocated space and select New Simple Volume.
The Simple Volume Wizard will appear, then you need to click next, to begin.
Here you can enter the size of the new partition that cannot be bigger than Maximum disk Space in MB. System will automatically enter the amount of free space in here, and change it only if you want make it smaller. When you done click Next.
Now in here you can name your partition by entering the name in Volume Label box. Also make sure that File system is set as default NTFS. Click Next when done.
System has now created new partition. Click Finish.
As you can see from the screenshot the system has now created your new partition.
It also now appears in My computer, as new partition.
Deleting A Partition
To delete a partition you need to right click on the partition you want to delete and select Delete Volume. System will ask to confirm if you want to delete this partition. Please note that deleting the partition will erase all of data on it, so if you have anything important on it move it somewhere else. When you ready click Yes.
Now the it appears as free space but it still allocated, so we need to delete it completely. To do this right click on the free space and select Delete Partition.
As the partition was now deleted the space appears as unallocated, so we can use it to extend one of existing partitions. To do this right click on the partition you want to extend and select Extend Volume.
Now Extend Volume Wizard will appear, click next if you want to continue.
Here make sure that the free space is allocated in the right hand side box, then click next.
The wizard has completed extending the partition, click Next.
Now as you can see the unwanted partition has been deleted and space was added to the partition that you have chosen.